Book: Philosophy of Life Instinct: Bibliography & References


Books and online sources

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Part I Metaphysics of The Life Instinct

Chapter 1 The Metaphysical Context

Chapter 2 What if it all Just Is?

Chapter 3 The Nature of Time

Chapter 4 Life and The Life Instinct

Chapter 5 Thought, Language and Intelligence

Chapter 6 Free Will

Chapter 7 Science and The Life Instinct

Histology 4000 – Muscle – Lecture Notes 6
Edit descriptionwww.auburn.edu
Introduction to cell signaling (article) | Khan Academy
Learn how cells communicate with one another using different kinds of short- and long-range signaling in our bodies.www.khanacademy.org
Mechanism of mRNA transport in the nucleus
The mechanism of transport of mRNA-protein (mRNP) complexes from transcription sites to nuclear pores has been the…www.pnas.org

Postulates on electromagnetic activity in biological systems and cancer

DOI: 10.1039/C3IB40166A (Paper) Integr. Biol., 2013, 5, 1439-1446 Received 8th August 2013 , Accepted 13th October 2013 First published on 14th October 2013 A framework of postulates is formulated to define the existence, nature, and function of a coherent state far from thermodynamic equilibrium in biological systems as an essential condition for the existence of life.

https://www.nature.com/scitable/topicpage/cell-differentiation-and-tissue-14046412/Translation: DNA to mRNA to Protein
Genes encode proteins, and the instructions for making proteins are decoded in two steps: first, a messenger RNA (mRNA)…www.nature.com

Part II Philosophy of The Life Instinct

Chapter 8 The Study of Humanity

Chapter 9 The Power of Our Intellect

10 Things You Can Do to Literally Change Your Brain

We used to think that intelligence is innate. Some people have it, and others just don’t. The brain we’re born with is the one we’re stuck with for life. That couldn’t be farther from the truth. New and improving technologies in neuroscience are giving us deeper insight into the mysterious gray stuff between our ears.

Chapter 10 God

Chapter 11 Religion

Chapter 12 Emotions

What scientists agree on about emotionsBoredom – Wikipedia
In conventional usage, boredom is an emotional and occasionally psychological state experienced when an individual is…en.wikipedia.org
Go Forth In Anger
Anger gets no respect. It’s so yoked to ” management ” that we give it little consideration on its own. We aspire to…www.psychologytoday.com
The Upside of Anger: 6 Psychological Benefits of Getting Mad – PsyBlog
We tend to think of anger as a wild, negative emotion, but research finds that anger also has its positive side. There…www.spring.org.uk

Chapter 13 Emotional Wisdom

Have No Fear, the Brain is Here! How Your Brain Responds to Stress
If you encountered a bear in the woods what would you do? In this article, we will talk about what stress is and how…kids.frontiersin.org
Stress signalling pathways that impair prefrontal cortex structure and function
The prefrontal cortex (PFC)-the most evolved brain region-subserves our highest-order cognitive abilities. However, it…www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
The Neuroscience of Empathy
Are some people born with a brain that is wired to be more empathetic? Can compassion be learned? What daily habits or…www.psychologytoday.com

Chapter 14 Love and Friendship

Ventral Tegmental Area & Caudate Nucleus
VTA and Caudate group results_____________________Organization of points in brain (x,y,z) White arrow: VTA Black arrow…theanatomyoflove.com
Love and the Brain
They have also been happily married for nearly four decades. Love may well be one of the most studied, but least…hms.harvard.edu
Emotion, Brain, & Behavior Laboratory
In this final blog post I’ve decided to explore a fascinating and cheesy correlate of the topics we’ve already…sites.tufts.edu
Hormones converge for couples in love
Men are from Mars and women from Venus – except when they are in love. During this intense period, men and women become…www.newscientist.com
Men and Women Can’t Be “Just Friends”
Can heterosexual men and women ever be “just friends”? Few other questions have provoked debates as intense, family…www.scientificamerican.com

Chapter 15 Marriage and Family

Introduction to Sociology
By the end of this section, you will be able to: Recognize variations in family life Understand the prevalence of…courses.lumenlearning.com
World Marriage Data
Edit descriptionpopulation.un.org
Reasons People Give for Divorce
What reasons do people give for divorcing? This is a different, simpler question than why marriages fail. In this post…ifstudies.org
No Man Is an Island – Google Search
Please click here if you are not redirected within a few seconds. This beautiful book expresses through Donne’s…g.co
Stem Families and Joint Families in Comparative Historical Perspective
For the past four decades, historical demographers have argued that historic Northwest Europe and North America had a…www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Families and Health: A Review
Karsten Hank Anja Steinbach Chapter 6 Citations 12k Downloads These keywords were added by machine and not by the…link.springer.com

Domestic abuse is a gendered crime – Womens Aid

Every case of domestic abuse should be taken seriously and each individual given access to the support they need. All victims should be able to access appropriate support. Whilst both men and women may experience incidents of inter-personal violence and abuse, women are considerably more likely to experience repeated and severe forms of abuse, including sexual violence.

Intimate partner violenceWhat Percentage of Marriages Survive Infidelity?
You say your “I dos,” you excitedly build a life together, you have children, you buy a house, you go to work, and then…www.hli.org
Is There Ever an End to Nagging?
I learned everything I know about nagging from my mother, a champion of the verbal sport. For the past 30-something…www.psychologytoday.com
56 Marriage Statistics: 2020/2021 Global Data, Analysis & Trends | CompareCamp.com
Marriage is on a decline and single living is on the rise across the globe. These are some of the important conclusions…comparecamp.com

https://norwegianscitechnews.com/2020/07/how-women-and-men-forgive-infidelity/Struggling to find marriage material? Here’s what to look for.
For all of its pitfalls, one positive thing reality TV has done for the masses is to open audiences up to the very…www.nbcnews.com

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01926188408250155Is it better to be like your partner?
Among many monogamous species, from cockatiels to cichlid fish, studies have revealed a clear pattern: it helps to be…www.bbc.com
What is required for a Successful Marriage- Similarity or Complementarity – Defence Wards Matrimony
Finding true love is not in everyone’s destiny. True love is precious, hence it is rare. People who found it or have it…www.defencewardsmatrimony.com

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/6831089_Couple_Similarity_and_Marital_Satisfaction_Are_Similar_Spouses_HappierComplementarity – IResearchNet
Complementarity Definition Do birds of a feather flock together? Do opposites attract? These questions have been…psychology.iresearchnet.com

Chapter 16 Learning and Education

When do babies begin to learn?
Transcript of ‘When do babies begin to learn?’ video Alison Gopnik, Ph.D.: Learning begins literally from the time…www.unicef.org
How memory and thinking ability change with age – Harvard Health
Scientists used to think that brain connections developed at a rapid pace in the first few years of life, until you…www.health.harvard.edu
Are There Age-Related Differences in the Ability to Learn Configural Responses?
Age is often associated with a decline in cognitive abilities that are important for maintaining functional…www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
How Does Age Change How You Learn? | Scott H Young
As you get older, learning often feels harder than it used to. Why is that? What changes in the brain as we age that…www.scotthyoung.com
Most learning happens in the first 3 years
This is the general idea that the first three years of life are a critical period for children’s brain development, and…www.educationalneuroscience.org.uk
Education – Nazi Germany
Education – Education – Nazi Germany: After Adolf Hitler’s accession to power in 1933, the Nazis set out to reconstruct…www.britannica.com
Education – Education under communism
Education – Education – Education under communism: The communist revolution aimed at being total revolution, demanding…www.britannica.com
Education – Education in British colonies and former colonies
Education – Education – Education in British colonies and former colonies: In the British colonies, as elsewhere…www.britannica.com
Brain areas associated with numbers and calculations in children: Meta-analyses of fMRI studies
Children use numbers every day and typically receive formal mathematical training from an early age, as it is a main…www.sciencedirect.com
Brain Activation during Addition and Subtraction Tasks In-Noise and In-Quiet
In spite of extensive research conducted to study how human brain works, little is known about a special function of…www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Memory Storage | Memory Processes In The Human Brain
Memory is the capability of the brain to hold onto the past or currently happening events and different pieces of…human-memory.net
We’re capable of infinite memory, but where in the brain is it stored, and what parts help retrieve…
The brain is key to our existence, but there’s a long way to go before neuroscience can truly capture its staggering…theconversation.com
Does government spending on education promote economic growth?
Economic growth is driven by new ideas, by discoveries that result in better products and more efficient production…theconversation.com
55 Education Statistics: Global Data, Latest Trends & Predictions
The importance of education is a universally recognized and acknowledged fact. Government and nongovernment…www.guide2research.com

Chapter 17 Work and Ambition

The Smithsonian Institution’s Human Origins Program
Where Lived: Evolved in Africa, now worldwide When Lived: About 300,000 years ago to present The species that you and…humanorigins.si.edu
Top 10 biggest corporate scandals and how they affected share prices
The Volkswagen (VW) emissions scandal – also known as ’emissionsgate’ and ‘dieselgate’ – started in September 2015…www.ig.com
What Psychological Benefits Do You Get From Work?
On a personal level, understanding what psychological needs you meet through your work can help you make better…www.psychologytoday.com
20 Factors and Steps to Consider Before Starting a Business
Starting a business is usually an exciting time for majority people. The idea of being your own boss, managing your own…www.bisworld.info
How Many Startups Fail and Why?
Starting a business is a lot harder than most people think. Rarely is a business so in tune with its niche that it can…www.investopedia.com
STARTUP STATISTICS – The Numbers You Need to Know
If you buy something through our links, we may earn money from our affiliate partners. Learn more. Each year, thousands…smallbiztrends.com

Chapter 18 Sports and Games

Nature’s Exotic Athletes: 12 Strange Animal Sports – WebEcoist
(Images via: Flickr, Flickr, Dances with Anxiety, Beetles for Sale) Across college and professional sports, plenty of…www.momtastic.com
Games Animals Play
“Happiness is never better exhibited than by young animals, such as puppies, kittens, lambs, and company, when playing…greatergood.berkeley.edu
Games Animals Play
To write about the natural history of games and play, I decided to consult an expert. The other day, as I was twirling…www.forbes.com
Why the Sports Industry is Booming in 2020 (and which key players are driving growth)
We’ve just seen one of the biggest growth periods in the history of the industry, with growth averaging at 4.3% since…www.torrens.edu.au
Sport industry – Wikipedia
Sport industry is an industry in which people, activities, business, and organizations are involved in producing…en.wikipedia.org

Value of Sports IndustryHow Exercise Reprograms the Brain
For an hour a day, five days a week, mice in Hiroshi Maejima ‘s physiology lab at Hokkaido University in Sapporo…www.the-scientist.com
Exercise and Children’s Intelligence, Cognition, and Academic Achievement
Since the time of the ancient Greeks, there has been an implicit belief that physical activity is linked to…www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Motor and cognitive growth following a Football Training Program – PubMed
Motor and cognitive growth in children may be influenced by football practice. Therefore the aim of this study was to…pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Motor and cognitive development: the role of karate
regular physical activity has an effect on biological responses in both muscles and organs that, in turn, alter the…www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Exercise, Depression, and the Brain
Whether you’re experiencing a simple case of the Monday blues or more persistent symptoms of depression, exercise can…www.healthline.com
Exercise Benefits Brain Function: The Monoamine Connection
Regular physical exercise has been proved to have therapeutic benefit [ 1], such as treating psychiatric illnesses [ 2…www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
The Effects of Aerobic Activity on Brain Structure
Aerobic activity is a powerful stimulus for improving mental health and for generating structural changes in the brain…www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

https://www.karger.com/article/fulltext/350946

Relation of exercise to brain health and cognitionCHAPTER 1: THE SPORTS INDUSTRY – Global Sports Insights
Before getting started in explaining this sports industry model, we strongly recommend watching the video presented In…globalsportsinsights.com
Repetitive strain injury (RSI)
Repetitive strain injury (RSI) is a general term used to describe the pain felt in muscles, nerves and tendons caused…www.nhs.uk
Repetitive Strain Injury | Overuse Injuries in Sports & Common Sports Medicine and Injury Care |…
Sports injuries fall into two basic categories – acute injury and overuse or repetitive injury. While both can…www.uhhospitals.org
Big Sports Events Have Big Environmental Footprints. Could Social Licenses To Operate Help?
The Olympics, the World Cup and other mega sporting events draw more visitors than ever, and the ensuring environmental…www.forbes.com
Sports and the Environment: Ways towards achieving the sustainable development of sport
Conference by the 4 th Pierre de Coubertin School Forum Arenzano (MUVITA) September 22, 2003 Presented by Dr. Hans…thesportjournal.org
How sport is killing the planet
One of the reasons why so little has been done to stop climate change is that everyone makes an exception for…www.theguardian.com
1936 Summer Olympics – Wikipedia
The 1936 Summer Olympics ( German: Olympische Sommerspiele 1936), officially known as the Games of the XI Olympiad (…en.wikipedia.org
The 20 Biggest Scandals in Sports History
Sports Lists Bell Malley @milesmalley Twitter Logo Analyst III This baseball scandal, known now simply as the “Black…bleacherreport.com
List of sporting scandals – Wikipedia
This is a list of major sports scandals . National Football League player conduct controversy (2007-present) – various…en.wikipedia.org

Chapter 19 Migration

An Evolutionary Timeline of Homo Sapiens
The long evolutionary journey that created modern humans began with a single step-or more accurately-with the ability…www.smithsonianmag.com
The origin and evolution of Homo sapiens
If we restrict the use of Homo sapiens in the fossil record to specimens which share a significant number of derived…www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
It Wasn’t Just Neanderthals: Ancient Humans Had Sex with Other Hominids
This article is from the archive of our partner . Scientists have collected evidence for years that modern humans…www.theatlantic.com
A Long-Busted Myth: It’s Not True That Animals Belonging To Different Species Can Never Interbreed
On 22 August, an astonishing discovery was reported. A sliver of bone from a cave in Russia turned out to belong to a…www.forbes.com
Australopithecus | Characteristics & Facts
Australopithecus, (Latin: “southern ape”) (genus Australopithecus), group of extinct primates closely related to, if…www.britannica.com
The Great Human Migration
Seventy-seven thousand years ago, a craftsman sat in a cave in a limestone cliff overlooking the rocky coast of what is…www.smithsonianmag.com
Early human migrations – Wikipedia
Early human migrations are the earliest migrations and expansions of archaic and modern humans across continents. They…en.wikipedia.org
Nature’s Most Impressive Animal Migrations
Friday, June 28, 2019 Migration is a natural phenomenon observed in species across the animal kingdom, from the tiniest…www.nationalgeographic.org
Theories About Migration | Understanding Migration – The RSPB
The ancient Greek scientist and philosopher Aristotle made the first serious attempt to explain migration. He even…www.rspb.org.uk

Number of dual citizensInternational Organization for Migration
When Syedul first laid eyes on the refugee camps in Cox’s Bazar in 2018, the Rohingya refugee crisis was at its peak…www.iom.int
human migration | Definition, Overview, & Facts
Human migration, the permanent change of residence by an individual or group. It can be within a country or…www.britannica.com
Push and pull factors – Migration – CCEA – GCSE Geography Revision – CCEA – BBC Bitesize
Migration can take place over short or long distances and it can be a one-way movement or temporary. Some people choose…www.bbc.co.uk

Trends in international migration

IOM World Migration ReportImmigrants are still sending lots of money home despite the coronavirus job losses – for now
Yet so far, despite the lockdowns that have devastated wealthier economies and caused massive unemployment, remittances…theconversation.com
IMMIGRATION: The Economic Benefits of Immigration
IMMIGRATION The Economic Benefits of Immigration Immigration has always been a formidable engine of economic and…clas.berkeley.edu
Irregular migration
There is no universally accepted definition of irregular migration. The International Organization for Migration (IOM)…migrationdataportal.org
Top 10 Illegal Immigration Destinations
Wars, poverty, family reunification, and overpopulation are just a few reasons for immigration. Millions of people…www.immigroup.com
human trafficking | Definition, Tactics, Statistics, Types, Examples, & Facts
Human trafficking, form of modern-day slavery involving the illegal transport of individuals by force or deception for…www.britannica.com
Human Trafficking
Human trafficking is a form of modern-day slavery in which traffickers use force, fraud, or coercion to control victims…humantraffickinghotline.org
Human trafficking
The Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons defines human trafficking or trafficking in…migrationdataportal.org

Chapter 20 Government

7 Oldest Governments in the World | Oldest.org
Like many facets of modern life, the first forms of government emerged when the very first civilizations began to form…www.oldest.org
The three branches of government
Under the doctrine of separation of powers, the governance of a state is traditionally divided into three branches each…law.gov.wales
Branches of Government
To ensure a separation of powers, the U.S. Federal Government is made up of three branches: legislative, executive and…www.house.gov
Constitution of the United Kingdom – Wikipedia
The Constitution of the United Kingdom or British constitution comprises the written and unwritten arrangements that…en.wikipedia.org
America’s Founding Documents
These three documents, known collectively as the Charters of Freedom, have secured the rights of the American people…www.archives.gov

Constitution of IndiaList of forms of government – Wikipedia
This article lists forms of government and political systems, according to a series of different ways of categorizing…en.wikipedia.org
Democracy – Wikipedia
Democracy ( Greek: δημοκρατία, dēmokratiā, from dēmos ‘people’ and kratos ‘rule’) is a form of government in which the…en.wikipedia.org

Democracy: Its meaningBasic Economics
Well I would say Milton Friedman but chances are if you know Sowell you know Friedman as Sowell studies under him and…www.goodreads.com
Economic ideology – Wikipedia
An economic ideology differentiates itself from economic theory in being normative rather than just explanatory in its…en.wikipedia.org
Is Democracy the Problem?
In trying to explain the dispiriting descent of U.S. politics and governance into pervasive paralysis, conflict and…carnegieendowment.org
Problems of Capitalism – Economics Help
Capitalism is an economic system based on free markets and limited government intervention. Proponents argue that…www.economicshelp.org
27 Countries Are Seen as More Politically Stable Than the U.S.
The U.S. falls more than any other country in a ranking that is led by European countries and America’s neighbor to the…www.usnews.com
8 reasons constitutional monarchy is the best form of government
Constitutional monarchy is the best form of government, so despite many people saying that having a Monarch as Head of…thecrownchronicles.co.uk
Economic ideology – Wikipedia
An economic ideology differentiates itself from economic theory in being normative rather than just explanatory in its…en.wikipedia.org
Capitalism – Wikipedia
Capitalism is an economic system based on the private ownership of the means of production and their operation for…en.wikipedia.org
Socialism – Wikipedia
Socialism is a political, social, and economic philosophy encompassing a range of economic and social systems…en.wikipedia.org
Military rule – Mechanisms and impacts of military rule
Military rule – Military rule – Mechanisms and impacts of military rule: Militaries are hierarchical organizations that…www.britannica.com
10 most ruthless leaders of all time – The Economic Times
Businessinsider.in There have been cruel leaders at all times and ages, but the ruthlessness of these leaders surpass…economictimes.indiatimes.com
Social democracy – Wikipedia
Social democracy is a political, social and economic philosophy within socialism. As an economic ideology and policy…en.wikipedia.org
Social justice – Wikipedia
Social justice is the relation of balance between individuals and society measured by comparing distribution of wealth…en.wikipedia.org
Regulation of monopoly – Economics Help
The government may wish to regulate monopolies to protect the interests of consumers. For example, monopolies have the…www.economicshelp.org
How to fix capitalism: nine expert solutions for America’s broken system
Steven Pearlstein Any defense of the extravagant compensation for corporate executives inevitably boils down to two…www.theguardian.com
How to Fix Economic Inequality?
How to Fix Economic Inequality? An Overview of Policies for the United States and Other High-Income Economies An…www.piie.com
Economic bubble – Wikipedia
An economic bubble or asset bubble (sometimes also referred to as a speculative bubble, a market bubble, a price…en.wikipedia.org

Chapter 21 Art

https://www.masterclass.com/articles/sonata-form-in-musicA Journey to the Oldest Cave Paintings in the World
By Jo Marchant; Photographs by Justin Mott Smithsonian Magazine | I struggle to keep my footing on a narrow ridge of…www.smithsonianmag.com
The Role of the Visual Arts in Enhancing the Learning Process
With all the wealth of scientific activities, there remains a certain stigma associated with careers in science, as a…www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Music Lessons Enhance IQ – E. Glenn Schellenberg, 2004
The idea that music makes you smarter has received considerable attention from scholars and the media. The present…journals.sagepub.com
Training in the arts, reading, and brain imaging
Wandell, B., Dougherty, R. F., Ben-Shachar, M., & Deutsch, G., K. (2008). Training in the arts, reading, and brain…www.artsedsearch.org
Neocortex – Wikipedia
The neocortex, also called the neopallium, isocortex, or the six-layered cortex, is a set of layers of the mammalian…en.wikipedia.org
Why is music good for the brain? – Harvard Health
A study conducted by AARP found correlation between a person’s engagement with music and their opinion of their brain…www.health.harvard.edu
8 Amazing, Little-Known Ways Music Affects the Brain
I’m a big fan of music, and use it a lot when working, but I had no idea about how it really affects our brains and…buffer.com
Music and the Brain: What Happens When You’re Listening to Music
“Music and the Brain,” a popular class at the University of Central Florida, breaks down how our brains respond to…www.ucf.edu
Top 25 Art Movements and Styles | Artland Magazine
The designation Abstract Expressionism encompasses a wide variety of American 20th century art movements, and is…magazine.artland.com
Impressionism vs. realism: landscapes – Google Arts & Culture
In this gallery I have selected a few paintings that were made specifically for the impressionism or realism art…artsandculture.google.com
Impressionism vs Expressionism – What’s the Difference? – Artst
Although they may sound similar Impressionism and Expressionism are very different types of art. Impressionism is an…www.artst.org
Bonding or bridging? On art participation and social cohesion in a rural region of the Netherlands
Hanka Otte (1974) is a cultural policy researcher and holds a postdoc position at the University of Antwerp, where she…www.sciencedirect.com
5 Ways Arts Projects Can Improve Struggling Communities
By Tom Borrup This excerpt from the book Civic institutions, like museums, public galleries, community art…www.pps.org
https://quality-thinking.com/media/b0c0afd65c8483d7efdee8f6a72789b9Art therapy may help kids with behaviour problems
(Reuters Health) – School-based art therapy in the UK is helping troubled kids get back on track, a new study suggests…www.reuters.com
5 Animals that create art – IEyeNews
comments feed By Kristina C. From Care2 Animals can paint and make sculptures. But is it art? In a study published in…www.ieyenews.com
It Took A Musician’s Ear To Decode The Complex Song In Whale Calls
Humpback whales don’t just sing songs – they compose with the whales around them, singing a song that evolves over…www.npr.org
Creativity: The weird and wonderful art of animals
At first glance, the Vogelkop Gardener bowerbird is pretty boring. Its drab olive-brown plumage makes it hard to spot…www.bbc.com

Chapter 22 Quality

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smithsonian-institution/robert-pirsig-zen-art-motorcycle-maintenance-resonates-today-180975768/Shinkansen – Wikipedia
The Shinkansen, colloquially known in English as the bullet train, is a network of high-speed railway lines in Japan…en.wikipedia.org
Taj Mahal
An immense mausoleum of white marble, built in Agra between 1631 and 1648 by order of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in…whc.unesco.org

Chapter 23 Morality

http://www.differencebetween.net/science/nature/difference-between-ethics-and-morals-2/Fact Check: Yes, Pregnancy Can Kill
(Image credit: Pregnancy photo via Shutterstock) A Republican congressman’s claim that advances in science and…www.livescience.com
Gender differences in moral reasoning
This research tests Gilligan’s hypothesis that men are more likely to consider moral dilemmas chiefly in terms of…link.springer.com
Carol Gilligan’s theory of sex differences in the development of moral reasoning during adolescence…
Gilligan’s work, which focuses on sex differences in moral reasoning, the perception of violence, the resolution of…pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
When Men Are Less Moral Than Women
What do Barry Bonds, Bernie Madoff, and James Murdoch have in common? They were all, in their respective areas, in it…www.scientificamerican.com
Are Women More Ethical Than Men?
In 2008, Sallie Krawcheck was CEO of the Global Wealth Management division at Citigroup. Her company sold clients what…greatergood.berkeley.edu

https://www.euronews.com/green/2020/10/21/why-is-environmentalism-more-popular-in-lgbtq-communitiesWhy are gays more eco-friendly?
Photo: Jason Pier A recent poll says gays and lesbians are more likely to support the environment, especially when…grist.org

https://www.britannica.com/topic/pogromPogrom – Wikipedia
Pogrom Target Predominantly Jews A pogrom is a violent riot aimed at the massacre or expulsion of an ethnic or…en.wikipedia.org

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crusades#:~:text=The%20Crusades%20were%20a%20series,surrounding%20area%20from%20Islamic%20ruleMoral Dilemmas
In Book I of Plato’s Republic, Cephalus defines ‘justice’ as speaking the truth and paying one’s debts. Socrates…plato.stanford.edu
Abortion as a Moral Decision – Center for American Progress
I recently watched a special about the 32nd anniversary of Roe v. Wade. It included interviews with advocates, lawyers…www.americanprogress.org
The morality of abortion and the deprivation of futures – PubMed
In an influential essay entitled Why abortion is wrong, Donald Marquis argues that killing actual persons is wrong…pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Abortion as a Moral Decision – Center for American Progress
I recently watched a special about the 32nd anniversary of Roe v. Wade. It included interviews with advocates, lawyers…www.americanprogress.org

The Moral Case for Abortion

By Ann Furedi11 August 2016£19.99 | $39.99 | Hardback | 978-1-137-41118-1 Abortion is contested, stigmatized and demonized despite being practiced throughout human history. Even where it is legal and safe, it remains a political and social battleground. While many oppose abortion on moral grounds, this book turns the common argument around and uses morality to challenge pro-life assumptions.

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(19)30581-1/fulltextHow many countries allow abortion on request, where is abortion completely prohibited, and more
Argentinian President Alberto Fernandez is planning to introduce a Bill which proposes to legalise abortion in the…www.thehindu.com
Roe v. Wade – Wikipedia
Roe v. Wade Full case name Jane Roe, et al. v. Henry Wade, District Attorney of Dallas County Citations 410 U.S. 113…en.wikipedia.org
Landmark Legal Cases Which Have Shaped UK Law
Legislation and legal rights are often defined by society. They go hand in hand with social and political attitudes and…www.lawyer-monthly.com

https://www.legitquest.com/legal-guide/top-10-landmark-supreme-court-of-india-judgmentsThe Moral Status of Animals
To say that a being deserves moral consideration is to say that there is a moral claim that this being can make on…plato.stanford.edu
How Self-Actualized People Frequently Have Their Needs Met
In psychology, self-actualization is achieved when you’re able to reach your full potential. Being truly…www.verywellmind.com
20 Major Philosophers & Their Big Ideas – TheBestSchools.org
Philosophy is complicated stuff. It’s the search for meaning, for greater understanding, for answers to the questions…thebestschools.org

Chapter 24 Ethics

Ethics: a general introduction
If ethical theories are to be useful in practice, they need to affect the way human beings behave. Some philosophers…www.bbc.co.uk
Ethical Principles from the Bible
We should resist the temptation to construct a pharisaical list of do’s and don’t’s but rather look for biblical…www.cmf.org.uk
Biblical Ethics: An Introduction
Ethics is concerned with the way we ought to conduct our lives. Clearly, then, it is an integral part of biblical…www.esv.org
34 Ethical Issues All Christians Should Know
The purpose of Wayne Grudem’s Christian Ethics: An Introduction to Biblical Moral Reasoning is to help readers apply a…www.crossway.org
Hindu Ethics
Dr. V.K. Maheshwari, K.L.D.A.V(P.G) College, This is the sum of duty: Do naught unto others which would cause you pain…www.vkmaheshwari.com
Ethics in Hinduism
This chapter examines the place of ethics in Hinduism. It shows that though Hinduism has shown a strong inclination to…oxford.universitypressscholarship.com
The Seven Fundamental Teachings of the Bhagavadgita
by Jayaram V The Bhagavadgita is a spiritual discourse delivered by Lord Krishna in the middle of the battlefield.www.hinduwebsite.com
Chapter 8: Ethical Teachings of the Qur’an
Ethical Teachings of the Qur’an by B.A Dar, M.A, Fellow Institute of Islamic Culture, Lahore (Pakistan) Values As it…www.al-islam.org
The Ethical Worldview of the Qur’an | Yaqeen Institute for Islamic Research
Disclaimer: The views, opinions, findings, and conclusions expressed in these papers and articles are strictly those of…yaqeeninstitute.org
Islamic ethics – Wikipedia
Islamic ethics (أخلاق إسلامية), defined as “good character,” historically took shape gradually from the 7th century and…en.wikipedia.org
What are the different classifications of law? – Law Times Journal
A binding custom or practice of a community : a rule of conduct or action prescribed or formally recognized as binding…lawtimesjournal.in
20 Major Philosophers & Their Big Ideas – TheBestSchools.org
Philosophy is complicated stuff. It’s the search for meaning, for greater understanding, for answers to the questions…thebestschools.org
Aristotle’s Ethics
Aristotle wrote two ethical treatises: the Nicomachean Ethics and the Eudemian Ethics. He does not himself use either…plato.stanford.edu
Genetic engineering of animals: Ethical issues, including welfare concerns
The genetic engineering of animals has increased significantly in recent years, and the use of this technology brings…www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Ethical arguments relevant to the use of GM crops – PubMed
The Nuffield Council on Bioethics (NCOB) has published two reports (1999 and 2004) on the social and ethical issues…pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Modern Eugenics: Building a Better Person?
SiS is proud to feature the winners of the “2009 Integrated Graduate Program in the Life Sciences (IGP) Science and…helix.northwestern.edu
Eugenics
Eugenics is the practice or advocacy of improving the human species by selectively mating people with specific…www.history.com
HumanEmbryonicStemCellResearch
www.atsjournals.org
Cloning Fact Sheet
The term cloning describes a number of different processes that can be used to produce genetically identical copies of…www.genome.gov
Cloning – Ethical controversy
Cloning – Cloning – Ethical controversy: Human reproductive cloning remains universally condemned, primarily for the…www.britannica.com
The Ethics of Artificial Organs – Viterbi Conversations in Ethics
Oscar Pistorius made history by becoming the first double amputee to compete in the Olympics, reaching the semifinals…vce.usc.edu
Ethical Concerns of AI
Artificial Intelligence is seen by many as a great transformative tech. Will AI systems one day drive us around? Do our…www.forbes.com
Ethics of Artificial Intelligence and Robotics
Artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics are digital technologies that will have significant impact on the development…plato.stanford.edu
Artificial Intelligence: examples of ethical dilemmas
The use of AI in culture raises interesting ethical reflections. In 2016, a Rembrandt painting, “the Next Rembrandt”…en.unesco.org

https://www.masterclass.com/articles/geoengineering-explained#3-disadvantages-of-geoengineeringPrivacy, Legal and Ethical Issues
Privacy, Legal and Ethical Issues Evidence collection, searching of private premises, obtaining samples for genetic and…www.encyclopedia.com
New Ethical Concerns in Online Privacy and Data Security
The single most important piece of legislation regarding privacy in the past few years is the GDPR. The control…www.infosecurity-magazine.com
What is Globalization? Examples, Definition, Benefits and Effects
Globalization – what is it? What is the definition of globalization? Benefits and negative effects? What are the top…youmatter.world
Ethical Dilemmas of Globalization – Ethical Culture Society of Bergen County NJ
By Dr. Sylvain Ehrenfeld We are in the midst of an unprecedented transformation, even larger than the Industrial…ethicalfocus.org
What are the advantages and disadvantages of globalization? – Parlia
Proponents of globalization say it improves citizens’ lives via the distribution of jobs, capital, and technology…www.parlia.com
Projections of population growth – Wikipedia
Population projections are attempts to show how the human population living today will change in the future. These…en.wikipedia.org
Future Population Growth
All our charts on Future Population Growth Other relevant research: World population growth – This article is focusing…ourworldindata.org
World population growth is expected to nearly stop by 2100
For the first time in modern history, the world’s population is expected to virtually stop growing by the end of this…www.pewresearch.org
Violent Crime Rates By Country 2021
Violent crime is a crime in which an offender or perpetrator uses or threatens to use force upon a victim. Violent…worldpopulationreview.com
dataUNODC |
Global crime data dataunodc.un.org
Homicide rate worldwide 2012, by region/gender | Statista
The statistic above provides information about worldwide homicide rates, sorted by gender and region. In 2012, the…www.statista.com
Why does education reduce crime?
Reduced criminality is a beneficial consequence of education policies that raise the school leaving age. There are two…newsroom.iza.org
(PDF) The Impact of Education on Crime: International Evidence
Discover the world’s research 20+ million members 135+ million publications 700k+ research projects Join for free …www.researchgate.net
Education and Crime – Criminal Justice – IResearchNet
The topic of education and crime can be approached from many different perspectives, so a framework for a basic…criminal-justice.iresearchnet.com
Why education reduces crime
Changes to compulsory school leaving laws that force some people to stay in school longer have been shown to boost…voxeu.org
Deadly appetite: 10 animals we are eating into extinction
f there is a single dish that has come to symbolise humans’ willingness to eat other animals out of existence, it is…www.theguardian.com
6 Animals We Ate Into Extinction
Humans are not always great at self-moderation, especially when things seem both bountiful and tasty. While extinctions…www.britannica.com
Whale conservation – Wikipedia
Whale conservation refers to the conservation of whales. Prior to the setting up of the IWC in 1946, unregulated…en.wikipedia.org

https://www.unep.org/Top 10 Worst Effects of Global Warming – Sustainability-org-il
Global warming is the long-term, cumulative effect that greenhouse gases, primarily carbon dioxide and methane, have on…sites.google.com
Violence against women
The United Nations defines violence against women as “any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to…www.who.int
Corruption
All our charts on Corruption This entry presents available data and empirical evidence on corruption-an important…ourworldindata.org
Corruptionary A-Z
Transparency International is the global civil society organisation leading the fight against corruption.www.transparency.org
The True Cost of Global Corruption – IMF F&D
Finance & Development, September 2019, Vol. 56, No. 3 PDF version Graft results in lost tax revenue, but it also takes…www.imf.org
Good Corporation, Bad Corporation: Corporate Social Responsibility in the Global Economy
When a large corporation decides to enter a foreign market, it must usually secure a number of licenses, permits…milnepublishing.geneseo.edu
25 corruption scandals that shook the world – News
Twenty-five years ago, when Transparency International was founded, corruption was seen as the necessary price of doing…www.transparency.org
The Psychology of Mob Mentality
Along with the world, in shock, I watched videos as the extreme right infiltrated our Capitol on Jan. 6. This day will…www.psychologytoday.com
Mob Psychology
“I am the mob, the crowd, the mass. Do you know that all the great work of the world is done through me?” Carl Sandburg…www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
4 Devastating War Crimes You Didn’t Learn About In History Class
The U.S. Civil War claimed over 620,000 lives and left a bloody stain on America’s history, and yet only one man…allthatsinteresting.com
6 Infamous War Criminals Hunted Down
Hunting Hitler sees an international team of world renowned investigators on the ultimate manhunt in search of the most…www.history.co.uk
When power corrupts: 16 of the biggest political scandals of the last 50 years
The Democratic senator from Colorado “was as close to a lock for the nomination – and likely the presidency – as any…www.pbs.org
11 Major International Political Scandals
On April 6, 2011, Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi is scheduled to stand trial for charges stemming from his…www.cnbc.com
Arguments against capital punishment
Many people believe that retribution is morally flawed and problematic in concept and practice. The main argument that…www.bbc.co.uk
India is now among select group of nations where passive euthanasia is legal
The mercy killing debate began with the Aruna Shanbaug case, the Mumbai nurse spent 42 years in a vegetative state…theprint.in

Chapter 25 Happiness

Can we really ever know if animals are happy?
My tortoise is always glaring at me. Whether I’m feeding him carrots, stroking his shell, or casually watching him from…www.popsci.com
Do animals experience happiness?
People who don’t think that an animal can experience happiness have one major point in their argument’s favor: There’s…science.howstuffworks.com
Echo: An Elephant to Remember ~ Elephant Emotions | Nature | PBS
Elephants, the largest land animals on the planet, are among the most exuberantly expressive of creatures. Joy, anger…www.pbs.org
The search for happiness: Using MRI to find where happiness happens: Narrowing in on the neural…
Exercising, meditating, scouring self-help books… we go out of our way to be happy, but do we really know what…www.sciencedaily.com
Happiness in an MRI
Happiness is a subjective experience; for instance, some people feel happiness more intensely than others when they…healthmanagement.org
What Part of the Brain Controls Emotions? Fear, Happiness, Anger, Love
What part of the brain controls emotions? We’ll break down the origins of basic human emotions, including anger, fear…www.healthline.com
15 Of The Most Evil Men The World Has Ever Seen
The world has seen tragedy in many forms. Wars, genocides, riots, killings, famines and what not. The real evil however…www.scoopwhoop.com
The biomass distribution on Earth
The composition of the biosphere is a fundamental question in biology, yet a global quantitative account of the biomass…www.pnas.org
Gross National Happiness – Wikipedia
Gross National Happiness (abbreviated: GNH), or sometimes called Gross Domestic Happiness ( GDH), is a philosophy that…en.wikipedia.org
What Is Hedonism?
What Is Hedonism? Most modern people, when they hear the words “hedonism,” or “hedonist,” conjure images of…dailyphilosopher.net
What Is Epicureanism?
What Is Epicureanism? “No pleasure is a bad thing in itself, but the things which produce certain pleasures entail…dailyphilosopher.net
Cars Impact On The Environment
The transport sector is one of the largest sources of CO2 emissions and a major source of air pollution. Two new…www.theworldcounts.com
Environmental impact of transport – Wikipedia
The environmental impact of transport is significant because transport is a major user of energy, and burns most of the…en.wikipedia.org
U.S. car manufacturers linked to Amazon destruction, slave labor
Illegal charcoal kilns in the municipality of Tucuruí. Photo by: Marizilda Cruppe/Greenpeace. According to a new report…news.mongabay.com
What’s Driving Deforestation?
Just four commodities-beef, soy, palm oil, and wood products-drive the majority of global deforestation. And consumers…www.ucsusa.org
Environmental Impact of Dams
A 27-year-old hermit in Haridwar, Swami Atmabodhanand, has broken his 194-day fast in protest against sand mining and…www.drishtiias.com
Environmental Impacts of Dams
image_assist|fid:4271,style:left,nid:2207]The environmental consequences of large dams are numerous and varied, and…archive.internationalrivers.org
Five ways mega-dams harm the environment | DW | 25.06.2020
Water is life and since dams block water, that impacts life downstream, both for ecosystems and people. In the case of…www.dw.com
China’s Three Gorges Dam: An Environmental Catastrophe?
SHANGHAI-For over three decades the Chinese government dismissed warnings from scientists and environmentalists that…www.scientificamerican.com
Dams flood 36,000 hectares of Brazilian rainforest
Several years ago, two dams were built across the Madeira River in western Brazil. Now researchers have found that…news.mongabay.com
Study of Controversial Dam Reveals Hidden Dependence on Rainforest
Hydropower dams may be an unlikely new weapon for conservationists trying to save tropical trees. A new study reveals…www.sciencemag.org
Wood volume and woody biomass: review of FRA 2000 estimates
Wood volume and woody biomass levels are important indicators of the forests’ potential to provide wood and to…www.fao.org
Forest microbiome: diversity, complexity and dynamics
Globally, forests represent highly productive ecosystems that act as carbon sinks where soil organic matter is formed…academic.oup.com
Bacterial composition of different types of soils of Georgia
Soil is a dynamic system in which relationship among soil minerals, organic substances and living organisms constantly…www.sciencedirect.com
The production and turnover of extramatrical mycelium of ectomycorrhizal fungi in forest soils…
There is growing evidence of the importance of extramatrical mycelium (EMM) of mycorrhizal fungi in carbon (C) cycling…link.springer.com
We’re Outnumbered
Published on: December 15, 2008 We’re outnumbered. Plain as day. And they’re not going away. The estimated ratio of…ucanr.edu

Techniques to measure happinessMeasuring Happiness: How Can We Measure It?
My university students came to me with a concern. They informed me that another professor had told them that you can’t…www.psychologytoday.com
Measuring happiness and well-being: how can we do it?
Measuring happiness is becoming an important tool. Economic growth, physical health and confidence in the future…www.happiness.com
Subjective Happiness Scale
Mary Chinni The Subjective Happiness Scale is a 4-item measure of overall subjective happiness based on the…link.springer.com
The Happiness Analyzer – Developing a New Technique for Measuring Subjective Well-Being
In 2013 the OECD published a guideline for measuring subjective well-being in greater detail to collect data in the…link.springer.com
How To Measure Happiness [A Simple Yet Powerful Method]
Despite what mathematicians, scientists or statisticians tell you, it’s actually very simple to measure your happiness…www.trackinghappiness.com
What is Self-Actualization? A Psychologist’s Definition [+Examples]
The concept of self-actualization was brought into the mainstream by Abraham Maslow when he introduced his “hierarchy…positivepsychology.com
Self-actualization | psychology
Self-actualization, in psychology, a concept regarding the process by which an individual reaches his or her full…www.britannica.com
Self-Actualization: What It Is and How to Achieve It
Self-actualization can mean a lot of things depending who you ask. One of the most broadly accepted definitions comes…www.healthline.com
Self-Actualization | Simply Psychology
By Ayesh Perera, published September 04, 2020 Take-home Messages Self-actualization is the complete realization of…www.simplypsychology.org

Part III The Life Instinct and The Future

Chapter 26 Imperfections of the Life Instinct

Why Humans Choke Frequently | Be Smart, Don’t Choke
Because your larynx (voicebox) descended in your neck after your first birthday, you are a member of one of the only…dontchoke.ubc.ca
How Nerves, Muscles, and Parts of Your Brain Coordinate Swallowing
Although it may seem like a pretty simple function, swallowing is one of the most complicated tasks that your body…www.verywellhealth.com
Causes
There is no one single cause for cancer. Learn about the various possible causes, including risk factors and how genes…stanfordhealthcare.org
Cancer Statistics
Cancer has a major impact on society in the United States and across the world. Cancer statistics describe what happens…www.cancer.gov
Why Do So Many People Get Cancer?
Cancer is a disease that has been around since ancient times. But it seems that more and more people are getting it…letstalkscience.ca
The Psychology of Forgetting and Why Memory Fails
Forgetting is an all too common part of daily life. Sometimes these memory slips are simple and fairly innocuous, such…www.verywellmind.com
Why Do We Forget Things? It May Make The Mind More Efficient
In the quest to fend off forgetfulness, some people build a palace of memory. It’s a method for memorizing invented in…www.discovermagazine.com
The Psychology of Forgetting and Why Memory Fails
Forgetting is an all too common part of daily life. Sometimes these memory slips are simple and fairly innocuous, such…www.verywellmind.com
What Is Difference Between Degree Murders? | Help And FAQs
Murder is a serious crime and the law is designed to provide justice to the families of the victims, taking into…helpto.pro
The Degrees of Murder | Weisberg Law
Few offenses in the Criminal Code garner as much attention as murder. There is often confusion between what…www.weisberg.ca
10 of the Biggest Lies in History
According to myth, a young George Washington confessed to cutting down a cherry tree by proclaiming, “I cannot tell a…history.howstuffworks.com
11 Of The Most Notorious & Successful Liars Throughout History
“A world without lies would be a terrible world, A world without lies would be a world without fiction,” remarked Ricky…www.indiatimes.com
11 of the Biggest Lies That Made History
Hold on to your pants, because we’re debunking some of the biggest lies ever told. These cover-ups and cons lost people…www.rd.com
What’s Good about Lying?
Do you teach children to lie? I do. All the time. And you do, too! If you’re like most American parents, you point to…greatergood.berkeley.edu
Has Global Violence Declined? A Look at the Data
We may be living in the most peaceful time in human history, depending on how you measure: Reality Project Episode 2.towardsdatascience.com
War – Wikipedia
War is an intense armed conflict between states, governments, societies, or paramilitary groups such as mercenaries…en.wikipedia.org
Types of Sexual Violence
There are many types of sexual violence, including rape, child sexual abuse, and intimate partner sexual violence-and…www.rainn.org
Types of Sexual Assault
There are many different types of sexual assault. Below is a list of the various acts that are considered sexual…www.marshall.edu
Love, Sex and the Changing Landscape of Infidelity (Published 2008)
Well If you cheated on your spouse, would you admit it to a researcher? That question is one of the biggest challenges…www.nytimes.com
Infidelity Statistics (2021) – Do Men Or Women Cheat More?
Relationships are sometimes complicated. Finding out that he’s cheating sucks big time. I know it doesn’t make too much…hernorm.com
The top 10 causes of death
The top global causes of death, in order of total number of lives lost, are associated with three broad topics…www.who.int
The biggest killer diseases in history
The current Ebola outbreak has put the disease firmly in the global spotlight as cases exceed 10,000, with more than…businesstech.co.za
Evidence for recent, population-specific evolution of the human mutation rate
Most, but not all, human genetic variation is shared between populations, and whole-genome sequencing is now making it…www.pnas.org
Human evolution is still happening – possibly faster than ever
Modern medicine’s ability to keep us alive makes it tempting to think human evolution may have stopped. Better…phys.org
Humans are still evolving: 3 examples of recent adaptations
Evolution is an ongoing process, although many don’t realize people are still evolving. It’s true that Homo sapiens…www.inverse.com
The Human Brain Has been Getting Smaller Since the Stone Age
I don’t mean to alarm you, but the average human brain size is shrinking. And we can’t blame reality T.V. or Twitter…www.discovermagazine.com
Schizophrenia: A byproduct of the brain’s complex evolution?
New genetic evidence, published in the journal Schizophrenia, suggests that the condition is an “unwanted side effect”…www.medicalnewstoday.com

Chapter 27 Future Evolution

History of life – Wikipedia
The history of life on Earth traces the processes by which living and fossil organisms evolved, from the earliest…en.wikipedia.org
Timeline of human evolution – Wikipedia
The timeline of human evolution outlines the major events in the evolutionary lineage of the modern human species, Homo…en.wikipedia.org
Evolution of mammals – Wikipedia
The evolution of mammals has passed through many stages since the first appearance of their synapsid ancestors in the…en.wikipedia.org
Evolution of primates — Wikipedia
The evolutionary history of the primates can be traced back 57–85/90 million years. One of the oldest known…en.wikipedia.org
Origin of the Genus Homo – Evolution: Education and Outreach
The origin of the genus Homo in Africa signals the beginning of the shift from increasingly bipedal apes to primitive…evolution-outreach.biomedcentral.com
Homo – Wikipedia
Homo Homo ergaster /erectus skull Scientific classification Genus: Homo Linnaeus, 1758 Type species Homo sapiens…en.wikipedia.org
Future of Earth – Wikipedia
The biological and geological future of Earth can be extrapolated based upon the estimated effects of several long-term…en.wikipedia.org
Ultimate fate of the universe – Wikipedia
The ultimate fate of the universe is a topic in physical cosmology, whose theoretical restrictions allow possible…en.wikipedia.org
Big Crunch – Wikipedia
The Big Crunch is a hypothetical scenario for the ultimate fate of the universe, in which the expansion of the universe…en.wikipedia.org
Future of an expanding universe – Wikipedia
Most observations suggest that the expansion of the universe will continue forever. If so, then a popular theory is…en.wikipedia.org
The Current Mass Extinction
Is the biosphere today on the verge of anything like the mass extinctions of the geological past? Could some equivalent…www.pbs.org
How long do most species last before going extinct?
(Image credit: Shutterstock) The majestic blue whale has plied the seas for about 4.5 million years , while the…www.livescience.com
Strange evolution: The weird future of life on Earth
In the early 1980s, the author Dougal Dixon published a cult book called After Man: A Zoology of the Future, which…www.bbc.com
Genus – Definition and Examples – Biology Online Dictionary
Genus – definition A genus is a taxonomic category ranking used in biological classification that is below family and…www.biologyonline.com
Catalogue of Life – 2018 Annual Checklist : 2018 Annual Checklist
This release of the Catalogue of Life contains contributions from 168 taxonomic databases with information on 1,744,204…www.catalogueoflife.org
Encyclopedia of Life
Edit descriptioneol.org
Species count put at 8.7 million
The natural world contains about 8.7 million species, according to a new estimate described by scientists as the most…www.bbc.com
Extinctions
How many species have gone extinct? Extinctions have been a natural part of the planet’s evolutionary history. 99% of…ourworldindata.org
Homo | Species & Facts
Homo, genus of the family Hominidae (order Primates) characterized by a relatively large cranial capacity, limb…www.britannica.com
In Year 1 Million, What Will Humanity Look Like?
(Image credit: National Geographic) In the year 1 million, Earth’s continents will look roughly the same as they do now…www.livescience.com
Mutation rate – Wikipedia
In genetics, the mutation rate is the frequency of new mutations in a single gene or organism over time. Mutation rates…en.wikipedia.org
Blog: True Size of a Human Genome | Veritas Genetics
“The universe is true for us all and dissimilar to each of us.” ― Marcel Proust, a la recherche du temps perdu (In…www.veritasgenetics.com
When is the next ice age due?
Ice Age is one of the most famous animated film series that deals with the life and struggles of animals that had been…geographyandyou.com
Habitability of natural satellites – Wikipedia
The habitability of natural satellites is a measure of the potential of natural satellites to have environments…en.wikipedia.org
We’ve located the part of the brain which understands social interactions
The ability to quickly detect and recognise the purpose of a social interaction is as indispensable today as it would…theconversation.com
Social Brain
The social brain has amazing abilities, from a “fast path” for recognizing faces to special circuits for recognizing…www.sciencedirect.com
Climate Effects on Human Evolution
This article explores the hypothesis that key human adaptations evolved in response to environmental instability. This…humanorigins.si.edu
What will we look like in the future?
Although we have smaller jaws than in the past, and less room for all 32 adult teeth, it is probable that no…australian.museum
How People Will Look In a Few Million Years
Like all living beings on Earth, we continue to evolve. If you don’t believe us, remember the story of wisdom teeth…brightside.me

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_far_futureImpact event – Wikipedia
An impact event is a collision between astronomical objects causing measurable effects. Impact events have physical…en.wikipedia.org

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Chapter 28 How to Live

Self-Actualization: What It Is and How to Achieve It
Self-actualization can mean a lot of things depending who you ask. One of the most broadly accepted definitions comes…www.healthline.com
How to Achieve Self Actualization
Download Article Download Article Self-actualization is a concept coined by American psychologist Abraham Maslow. It…www.wikihow.com

Chapter 29 The Simplest Philosophy

Chapter 30 Epilogue


© 2020 Shashidhar Sastry. All rights reserved.About Me — Shashi Sastry
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Book: Philosophy of Life Instinct: Bibliography & References

Books and online sources

Image by the author.

Part I Metaphysics of The Life Instinct

Chapter 1 The Metaphysical Context

Chapter 2 What if it all Just Is?

Chapter 3 The Nature of Time

Chapter 4 Life and The Life Instinct

Chapter 5 Thought, Language and Intelligence

Chapter 6 Free Will

Chapter 7 Science and The Life Instinct

Histology 4000 – Muscle – Lecture Notes 6
Edit descriptionwww.auburn.edu
Introduction to cell signaling (article) | Khan Academy
Learn how cells communicate with one another using different kinds of short- and long-range signaling in our bodies.www.khanacademy.org
Mechanism of mRNA transport in the nucleus
The mechanism of transport of mRNA-protein (mRNP) complexes from transcription sites to nuclear pores has been the…www.pnas.org

Postulates on electromagnetic activity in biological systems and cancer

DOI: 10.1039/C3IB40166A (Paper) Integr. Biol., 2013, 5, 1439-1446 Received 8th August 2013 , Accepted 13th October 2013 First published on 14th October 2013 A framework of postulates is formulated to define the existence, nature, and function of a coherent state far from thermodynamic equilibrium in biological systems as an essential condition for the existence of life.

https://www.nature.com/scitable/topicpage/cell-differentiation-and-tissue-14046412/Translation: DNA to mRNA to Protein
Genes encode proteins, and the instructions for making proteins are decoded in two steps: first, a messenger RNA (mRNA)…www.nature.com

Part II Philosophy of The Life Instinct

Chapter 8 The Study of Humanity

Chapter 9 The Power of Our Intellect

10 Things You Can Do to Literally Change Your Brain

We used to think that intelligence is innate. Some people have it, and others just don’t. The brain we’re born with is the one we’re stuck with for life. That couldn’t be farther from the truth. New and improving technologies in neuroscience are giving us deeper insight into the mysterious gray stuff between our ears.

Chapter 10 God

Chapter 11 Religion

Chapter 12 Emotions

What scientists agree on about emotionsBoredom – Wikipedia
In conventional usage, boredom is an emotional and occasionally psychological state experienced when an individual is…en.wikipedia.org
Go Forth In Anger
Anger gets no respect. It’s so yoked to ” management ” that we give it little consideration on its own. We aspire to…www.psychologytoday.com
The Upside of Anger: 6 Psychological Benefits of Getting Mad – PsyBlog
We tend to think of anger as a wild, negative emotion, but research finds that anger also has its positive side. There…www.spring.org.uk

Chapter 13 Emotional Wisdom

Have No Fear, the Brain is Here! How Your Brain Responds to Stress
If you encountered a bear in the woods what would you do? In this article, we will talk about what stress is and how…kids.frontiersin.org
Stress signalling pathways that impair prefrontal cortex structure and function
The prefrontal cortex (PFC)-the most evolved brain region-subserves our highest-order cognitive abilities. However, it…www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
The Neuroscience of Empathy
Are some people born with a brain that is wired to be more empathetic? Can compassion be learned? What daily habits or…www.psychologytoday.com

Chapter 14 Love and Friendship

Ventral Tegmental Area & Caudate Nucleus
VTA and Caudate group results_____________________Organization of points in brain (x,y,z) White arrow: VTA Black arrow…theanatomyoflove.com
Love and the Brain
They have also been happily married for nearly four decades. Love may well be one of the most studied, but least…hms.harvard.edu
Emotion, Brain, & Behavior Laboratory
In this final blog post I’ve decided to explore a fascinating and cheesy correlate of the topics we’ve already…sites.tufts.edu
Hormones converge for couples in love
Men are from Mars and women from Venus – except when they are in love. During this intense period, men and women become…www.newscientist.com
Men and Women Can’t Be “Just Friends”
Can heterosexual men and women ever be “just friends”? Few other questions have provoked debates as intense, family…www.scientificamerican.com

Chapter 15 Marriage and Family

Introduction to Sociology
By the end of this section, you will be able to: Recognize variations in family life Understand the prevalence of…courses.lumenlearning.com
World Marriage Data
Edit descriptionpopulation.un.org
Reasons People Give for Divorce
What reasons do people give for divorcing? This is a different, simpler question than why marriages fail. In this post…ifstudies.org
No Man Is an Island – Google Search
Please click here if you are not redirected within a few seconds. This beautiful book expresses through Donne’s…g.co
Stem Families and Joint Families in Comparative Historical Perspective
For the past four decades, historical demographers have argued that historic Northwest Europe and North America had a…www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Families and Health: A Review
Karsten Hank Anja Steinbach Chapter 6 Citations 12k Downloads These keywords were added by machine and not by the…link.springer.com

Domestic abuse is a gendered crime – Womens Aid

Every case of domestic abuse should be taken seriously and each individual given access to the support they need. All victims should be able to access appropriate support. Whilst both men and women may experience incidents of inter-personal violence and abuse, women are considerably more likely to experience repeated and severe forms of abuse, including sexual violence.

Intimate partner violenceWhat Percentage of Marriages Survive Infidelity?
You say your “I dos,” you excitedly build a life together, you have children, you buy a house, you go to work, and then…www.hli.org
Is There Ever an End to Nagging?
I learned everything I know about nagging from my mother, a champion of the verbal sport. For the past 30-something…www.psychologytoday.com
56 Marriage Statistics: 2020/2021 Global Data, Analysis & Trends | CompareCamp.com
Marriage is on a decline and single living is on the rise across the globe. These are some of the important conclusions…comparecamp.com

https://norwegianscitechnews.com/2020/07/how-women-and-men-forgive-infidelity/Struggling to find marriage material? Here’s what to look for.
For all of its pitfalls, one positive thing reality TV has done for the masses is to open audiences up to the very…www.nbcnews.com

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01926188408250155Is it better to be like your partner?
Among many monogamous species, from cockatiels to cichlid fish, studies have revealed a clear pattern: it helps to be…www.bbc.com
What is required for a Successful Marriage- Similarity or Complementarity – Defence Wards Matrimony
Finding true love is not in everyone’s destiny. True love is precious, hence it is rare. People who found it or have it…www.defencewardsmatrimony.com

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/6831089_Couple_Similarity_and_Marital_Satisfaction_Are_Similar_Spouses_HappierComplementarity – IResearchNet
Complementarity Definition Do birds of a feather flock together? Do opposites attract? These questions have been…psychology.iresearchnet.com

Chapter 16 Learning and Education

When do babies begin to learn?
Transcript of ‘When do babies begin to learn?’ video Alison Gopnik, Ph.D.: Learning begins literally from the time…www.unicef.org
How memory and thinking ability change with age – Harvard Health
Scientists used to think that brain connections developed at a rapid pace in the first few years of life, until you…www.health.harvard.edu
Are There Age-Related Differences in the Ability to Learn Configural Responses?
Age is often associated with a decline in cognitive abilities that are important for maintaining functional…www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
How Does Age Change How You Learn? | Scott H Young
As you get older, learning often feels harder than it used to. Why is that? What changes in the brain as we age that…www.scotthyoung.com
Most learning happens in the first 3 years
This is the general idea that the first three years of life are a critical period for children’s brain development, and…www.educationalneuroscience.org.uk
Education – Nazi Germany
Education – Education – Nazi Germany: After Adolf Hitler’s accession to power in 1933, the Nazis set out to reconstruct…www.britannica.com
Education – Education under communism
Education – Education – Education under communism: The communist revolution aimed at being total revolution, demanding…www.britannica.com
Education – Education in British colonies and former colonies
Education – Education – Education in British colonies and former colonies: In the British colonies, as elsewhere…www.britannica.com
Brain areas associated with numbers and calculations in children: Meta-analyses of fMRI studies
Children use numbers every day and typically receive formal mathematical training from an early age, as it is a main…www.sciencedirect.com
Brain Activation during Addition and Subtraction Tasks In-Noise and In-Quiet
In spite of extensive research conducted to study how human brain works, little is known about a special function of…www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Memory Storage | Memory Processes In The Human Brain
Memory is the capability of the brain to hold onto the past or currently happening events and different pieces of…human-memory.net
We’re capable of infinite memory, but where in the brain is it stored, and what parts help retrieve…
The brain is key to our existence, but there’s a long way to go before neuroscience can truly capture its staggering…theconversation.com
Does government spending on education promote economic growth?
Economic growth is driven by new ideas, by discoveries that result in better products and more efficient production…theconversation.com
55 Education Statistics: Global Data, Latest Trends & Predictions
The importance of education is a universally recognized and acknowledged fact. Government and nongovernment…www.guide2research.com

Chapter 17 Work and Ambition

The Smithsonian Institution’s Human Origins Program
Where Lived: Evolved in Africa, now worldwide When Lived: About 300,000 years ago to present The species that you and…humanorigins.si.edu
Top 10 biggest corporate scandals and how they affected share prices
The Volkswagen (VW) emissions scandal – also known as ’emissionsgate’ and ‘dieselgate’ – started in September 2015…www.ig.com
What Psychological Benefits Do You Get From Work?
On a personal level, understanding what psychological needs you meet through your work can help you make better…www.psychologytoday.com
20 Factors and Steps to Consider Before Starting a Business
Starting a business is usually an exciting time for majority people. The idea of being your own boss, managing your own…www.bisworld.info
How Many Startups Fail and Why?
Starting a business is a lot harder than most people think. Rarely is a business so in tune with its niche that it can…www.investopedia.com
STARTUP STATISTICS – The Numbers You Need to Know
If you buy something through our links, we may earn money from our affiliate partners. Learn more. Each year, thousands…smallbiztrends.com

Chapter 18 Sports and Games

Nature’s Exotic Athletes: 12 Strange Animal Sports – WebEcoist
(Images via: Flickr, Flickr, Dances with Anxiety, Beetles for Sale) Across college and professional sports, plenty of…www.momtastic.com
Games Animals Play
“Happiness is never better exhibited than by young animals, such as puppies, kittens, lambs, and company, when playing…greatergood.berkeley.edu
Games Animals Play
To write about the natural history of games and play, I decided to consult an expert. The other day, as I was twirling…www.forbes.com
Why the Sports Industry is Booming in 2020 (and which key players are driving growth)
We’ve just seen one of the biggest growth periods in the history of the industry, with growth averaging at 4.3% since…www.torrens.edu.au
Sport industry – Wikipedia
Sport industry is an industry in which people, activities, business, and organizations are involved in producing…en.wikipedia.org

Value of Sports IndustryHow Exercise Reprograms the Brain
For an hour a day, five days a week, mice in Hiroshi Maejima ‘s physiology lab at Hokkaido University in Sapporo…www.the-scientist.com
Exercise and Children’s Intelligence, Cognition, and Academic Achievement
Since the time of the ancient Greeks, there has been an implicit belief that physical activity is linked to…www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Motor and cognitive growth following a Football Training Program – PubMed
Motor and cognitive growth in children may be influenced by football practice. Therefore the aim of this study was to…pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Motor and cognitive development: the role of karate
regular physical activity has an effect on biological responses in both muscles and organs that, in turn, alter the…www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Exercise, Depression, and the Brain
Whether you’re experiencing a simple case of the Monday blues or more persistent symptoms of depression, exercise can…www.healthline.com
Exercise Benefits Brain Function: The Monoamine Connection
Regular physical exercise has been proved to have therapeutic benefit [ 1], such as treating psychiatric illnesses [ 2…www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
The Effects of Aerobic Activity on Brain Structure
Aerobic activity is a powerful stimulus for improving mental health and for generating structural changes in the brain…www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

https://www.karger.com/article/fulltext/350946

Relation of exercise to brain health and cognitionCHAPTER 1: THE SPORTS INDUSTRY – Global Sports Insights
Before getting started in explaining this sports industry model, we strongly recommend watching the video presented In…globalsportsinsights.com
Repetitive strain injury (RSI)
Repetitive strain injury (RSI) is a general term used to describe the pain felt in muscles, nerves and tendons caused…www.nhs.uk
Repetitive Strain Injury | Overuse Injuries in Sports & Common Sports Medicine and Injury Care |…
Sports injuries fall into two basic categories – acute injury and overuse or repetitive injury. While both can…www.uhhospitals.org
Big Sports Events Have Big Environmental Footprints. Could Social Licenses To Operate Help?
The Olympics, the World Cup and other mega sporting events draw more visitors than ever, and the ensuring environmental…www.forbes.com
Sports and the Environment: Ways towards achieving the sustainable development of sport
Conference by the 4 th Pierre de Coubertin School Forum Arenzano (MUVITA) September 22, 2003 Presented by Dr. Hans…thesportjournal.org
How sport is killing the planet
One of the reasons why so little has been done to stop climate change is that everyone makes an exception for…www.theguardian.com
1936 Summer Olympics – Wikipedia
The 1936 Summer Olympics ( German: Olympische Sommerspiele 1936), officially known as the Games of the XI Olympiad (…en.wikipedia.org
The 20 Biggest Scandals in Sports History
Sports Lists Bell Malley @milesmalley Twitter Logo Analyst III This baseball scandal, known now simply as the “Black…bleacherreport.com
List of sporting scandals – Wikipedia
This is a list of major sports scandals . National Football League player conduct controversy (2007-present) – various…en.wikipedia.org

Chapter 19 Migration

An Evolutionary Timeline of Homo Sapiens
The long evolutionary journey that created modern humans began with a single step-or more accurately-with the ability…www.smithsonianmag.com
The origin and evolution of Homo sapiens
If we restrict the use of Homo sapiens in the fossil record to specimens which share a significant number of derived…www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
It Wasn’t Just Neanderthals: Ancient Humans Had Sex with Other Hominids
This article is from the archive of our partner . Scientists have collected evidence for years that modern humans…www.theatlantic.com
A Long-Busted Myth: It’s Not True That Animals Belonging To Different Species Can Never Interbreed
On 22 August, an astonishing discovery was reported. A sliver of bone from a cave in Russia turned out to belong to a…www.forbes.com
Australopithecus | Characteristics & Facts
Australopithecus, (Latin: “southern ape”) (genus Australopithecus), group of extinct primates closely related to, if…www.britannica.com
The Great Human Migration
Seventy-seven thousand years ago, a craftsman sat in a cave in a limestone cliff overlooking the rocky coast of what is…www.smithsonianmag.com
Early human migrations – Wikipedia
Early human migrations are the earliest migrations and expansions of archaic and modern humans across continents. They…en.wikipedia.org
Nature’s Most Impressive Animal Migrations
Friday, June 28, 2019 Migration is a natural phenomenon observed in species across the animal kingdom, from the tiniest…www.nationalgeographic.org
Theories About Migration | Understanding Migration – The RSPB
The ancient Greek scientist and philosopher Aristotle made the first serious attempt to explain migration. He even…www.rspb.org.uk

Number of dual citizensInternational Organization for Migration
When Syedul first laid eyes on the refugee camps in Cox’s Bazar in 2018, the Rohingya refugee crisis was at its peak…www.iom.int
human migration | Definition, Overview, & Facts
Human migration, the permanent change of residence by an individual or group. It can be within a country or…www.britannica.com
Push and pull factors – Migration – CCEA – GCSE Geography Revision – CCEA – BBC Bitesize
Migration can take place over short or long distances and it can be a one-way movement or temporary. Some people choose…www.bbc.co.uk

Trends in international migration

IOM World Migration ReportImmigrants are still sending lots of money home despite the coronavirus job losses – for now
Yet so far, despite the lockdowns that have devastated wealthier economies and caused massive unemployment, remittances…theconversation.com
IMMIGRATION: The Economic Benefits of Immigration
IMMIGRATION The Economic Benefits of Immigration Immigration has always been a formidable engine of economic and…clas.berkeley.edu
Irregular migration
There is no universally accepted definition of irregular migration. The International Organization for Migration (IOM)…migrationdataportal.org
Top 10 Illegal Immigration Destinations
Wars, poverty, family reunification, and overpopulation are just a few reasons for immigration. Millions of people…www.immigroup.com
human trafficking | Definition, Tactics, Statistics, Types, Examples, & Facts
Human trafficking, form of modern-day slavery involving the illegal transport of individuals by force or deception for…www.britannica.com
Human Trafficking
Human trafficking is a form of modern-day slavery in which traffickers use force, fraud, or coercion to control victims…humantraffickinghotline.org
Human trafficking
The Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons defines human trafficking or trafficking in…migrationdataportal.org

Chapter 20 Government

7 Oldest Governments in the World | Oldest.org
Like many facets of modern life, the first forms of government emerged when the very first civilizations began to form…www.oldest.org
The three branches of government
Under the doctrine of separation of powers, the governance of a state is traditionally divided into three branches each…law.gov.wales
Branches of Government
To ensure a separation of powers, the U.S. Federal Government is made up of three branches: legislative, executive and…www.house.gov
Constitution of the United Kingdom – Wikipedia
The Constitution of the United Kingdom or British constitution comprises the written and unwritten arrangements that…en.wikipedia.org
America’s Founding Documents
These three documents, known collectively as the Charters of Freedom, have secured the rights of the American people…www.archives.gov

Constitution of IndiaList of forms of government – Wikipedia
This article lists forms of government and political systems, according to a series of different ways of categorizing…en.wikipedia.org
Democracy – Wikipedia
Democracy ( Greek: δημοκρατία, dēmokratiā, from dēmos ‘people’ and kratos ‘rule’) is a form of government in which the…en.wikipedia.org

Democracy: Its meaningBasic Economics
Well I would say Milton Friedman but chances are if you know Sowell you know Friedman as Sowell studies under him and…www.goodreads.com
Economic ideology – Wikipedia
An economic ideology differentiates itself from economic theory in being normative rather than just explanatory in its…en.wikipedia.org
Is Democracy the Problem?
In trying to explain the dispiriting descent of U.S. politics and governance into pervasive paralysis, conflict and…carnegieendowment.org
Problems of Capitalism – Economics Help
Capitalism is an economic system based on free markets and limited government intervention. Proponents argue that…www.economicshelp.org
27 Countries Are Seen as More Politically Stable Than the U.S.
The U.S. falls more than any other country in a ranking that is led by European countries and America’s neighbor to the…www.usnews.com
8 reasons constitutional monarchy is the best form of government
Constitutional monarchy is the best form of government, so despite many people saying that having a Monarch as Head of…thecrownchronicles.co.uk
Economic ideology – Wikipedia
An economic ideology differentiates itself from economic theory in being normative rather than just explanatory in its…en.wikipedia.org
Capitalism – Wikipedia
Capitalism is an economic system based on the private ownership of the means of production and their operation for…en.wikipedia.org
Socialism – Wikipedia
Socialism is a political, social, and economic philosophy encompassing a range of economic and social systems…en.wikipedia.org
Military rule – Mechanisms and impacts of military rule
Military rule – Military rule – Mechanisms and impacts of military rule: Militaries are hierarchical organizations that…www.britannica.com
10 most ruthless leaders of all time – The Economic Times
Businessinsider.in There have been cruel leaders at all times and ages, but the ruthlessness of these leaders surpass…economictimes.indiatimes.com
Social democracy – Wikipedia
Social democracy is a political, social and economic philosophy within socialism. As an economic ideology and policy…en.wikipedia.org
Social justice – Wikipedia
Social justice is the relation of balance between individuals and society measured by comparing distribution of wealth…en.wikipedia.org
Regulation of monopoly – Economics Help
The government may wish to regulate monopolies to protect the interests of consumers. For example, monopolies have the…www.economicshelp.org
How to fix capitalism: nine expert solutions for America’s broken system
Steven Pearlstein Any defense of the extravagant compensation for corporate executives inevitably boils down to two…www.theguardian.com
How to Fix Economic Inequality?
How to Fix Economic Inequality? An Overview of Policies for the United States and Other High-Income Economies An…www.piie.com
Economic bubble – Wikipedia
An economic bubble or asset bubble (sometimes also referred to as a speculative bubble, a market bubble, a price…en.wikipedia.org

Chapter 21 Art

https://www.masterclass.com/articles/sonata-form-in-musicA Journey to the Oldest Cave Paintings in the World
By Jo Marchant; Photographs by Justin Mott Smithsonian Magazine | I struggle to keep my footing on a narrow ridge of…www.smithsonianmag.com
The Role of the Visual Arts in Enhancing the Learning Process
With all the wealth of scientific activities, there remains a certain stigma associated with careers in science, as a…www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Music Lessons Enhance IQ – E. Glenn Schellenberg, 2004
The idea that music makes you smarter has received considerable attention from scholars and the media. The present…journals.sagepub.com
Training in the arts, reading, and brain imaging
Wandell, B., Dougherty, R. F., Ben-Shachar, M., & Deutsch, G., K. (2008). Training in the arts, reading, and brain…www.artsedsearch.org
Neocortex – Wikipedia
The neocortex, also called the neopallium, isocortex, or the six-layered cortex, is a set of layers of the mammalian…en.wikipedia.org
Why is music good for the brain? – Harvard Health
A study conducted by AARP found correlation between a person’s engagement with music and their opinion of their brain…www.health.harvard.edu
8 Amazing, Little-Known Ways Music Affects the Brain
I’m a big fan of music, and use it a lot when working, but I had no idea about how it really affects our brains and…buffer.com
Music and the Brain: What Happens When You’re Listening to Music
“Music and the Brain,” a popular class at the University of Central Florida, breaks down how our brains respond to…www.ucf.edu
Top 25 Art Movements and Styles | Artland Magazine
The designation Abstract Expressionism encompasses a wide variety of American 20th century art movements, and is…magazine.artland.com
Impressionism vs. realism: landscapes – Google Arts & Culture
In this gallery I have selected a few paintings that were made specifically for the impressionism or realism art…artsandculture.google.com
Impressionism vs Expressionism – What’s the Difference? – Artst
Although they may sound similar Impressionism and Expressionism are very different types of art. Impressionism is an…www.artst.org
Bonding or bridging? On art participation and social cohesion in a rural region of the Netherlands
Hanka Otte (1974) is a cultural policy researcher and holds a postdoc position at the University of Antwerp, where she…www.sciencedirect.com
5 Ways Arts Projects Can Improve Struggling Communities
By Tom Borrup This excerpt from the book Civic institutions, like museums, public galleries, community art…www.pps.org
https://quality-thinking.com/media/b0c0afd65c8483d7efdee8f6a72789b9Art therapy may help kids with behaviour problems
(Reuters Health) – School-based art therapy in the UK is helping troubled kids get back on track, a new study suggests…www.reuters.com
5 Animals that create art – IEyeNews
comments feed By Kristina C. From Care2 Animals can paint and make sculptures. But is it art? In a study published in…www.ieyenews.com
It Took A Musician’s Ear To Decode The Complex Song In Whale Calls
Humpback whales don’t just sing songs – they compose with the whales around them, singing a song that evolves over…www.npr.org
Creativity: The weird and wonderful art of animals
At first glance, the Vogelkop Gardener bowerbird is pretty boring. Its drab olive-brown plumage makes it hard to spot…www.bbc.com

Chapter 22 Quality

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smithsonian-institution/robert-pirsig-zen-art-motorcycle-maintenance-resonates-today-180975768/Shinkansen – Wikipedia
The Shinkansen, colloquially known in English as the bullet train, is a network of high-speed railway lines in Japan…en.wikipedia.org
Taj Mahal
An immense mausoleum of white marble, built in Agra between 1631 and 1648 by order of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in…whc.unesco.org

Chapter 23 Morality

http://www.differencebetween.net/science/nature/difference-between-ethics-and-morals-2/Fact Check: Yes, Pregnancy Can Kill
(Image credit: Pregnancy photo via Shutterstock) A Republican congressman’s claim that advances in science and…www.livescience.com
Gender differences in moral reasoning
This research tests Gilligan’s hypothesis that men are more likely to consider moral dilemmas chiefly in terms of…link.springer.com
Carol Gilligan’s theory of sex differences in the development of moral reasoning during adolescence…
Gilligan’s work, which focuses on sex differences in moral reasoning, the perception of violence, the resolution of…pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
When Men Are Less Moral Than Women
What do Barry Bonds, Bernie Madoff, and James Murdoch have in common? They were all, in their respective areas, in it…www.scientificamerican.com
Are Women More Ethical Than Men?
In 2008, Sallie Krawcheck was CEO of the Global Wealth Management division at Citigroup. Her company sold clients what…greatergood.berkeley.edu

https://www.euronews.com/green/2020/10/21/why-is-environmentalism-more-popular-in-lgbtq-communitiesWhy are gays more eco-friendly?
Photo: Jason Pier A recent poll says gays and lesbians are more likely to support the environment, especially when…grist.org

https://www.britannica.com/topic/pogromPogrom – Wikipedia
Pogrom Target Predominantly Jews A pogrom is a violent riot aimed at the massacre or expulsion of an ethnic or…en.wikipedia.org

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crusades#:~:text=The%20Crusades%20were%20a%20series,surrounding%20area%20from%20Islamic%20ruleMoral Dilemmas
In Book I of Plato’s Republic, Cephalus defines ‘justice’ as speaking the truth and paying one’s debts. Socrates…plato.stanford.edu
Abortion as a Moral Decision – Center for American Progress
I recently watched a special about the 32nd anniversary of Roe v. Wade. It included interviews with advocates, lawyers…www.americanprogress.org
The morality of abortion and the deprivation of futures – PubMed
In an influential essay entitled Why abortion is wrong, Donald Marquis argues that killing actual persons is wrong…pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Abortion as a Moral Decision – Center for American Progress
I recently watched a special about the 32nd anniversary of Roe v. Wade. It included interviews with advocates, lawyers…www.americanprogress.org

The Moral Case for Abortion

By Ann Furedi11 August 2016£19.99 | $39.99 | Hardback | 978-1-137-41118-1 Abortion is contested, stigmatized and demonized despite being practiced throughout human history. Even where it is legal and safe, it remains a political and social battleground. While many oppose abortion on moral grounds, this book turns the common argument around and uses morality to challenge pro-life assumptions.

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(19)30581-1/fulltextHow many countries allow abortion on request, where is abortion completely prohibited, and more
Argentinian President Alberto Fernandez is planning to introduce a Bill which proposes to legalise abortion in the…www.thehindu.com
Roe v. Wade – Wikipedia
Roe v. Wade Full case name Jane Roe, et al. v. Henry Wade, District Attorney of Dallas County Citations 410 U.S. 113…en.wikipedia.org
Landmark Legal Cases Which Have Shaped UK Law
Legislation and legal rights are often defined by society. They go hand in hand with social and political attitudes and…www.lawyer-monthly.com

https://www.legitquest.com/legal-guide/top-10-landmark-supreme-court-of-india-judgmentsThe Moral Status of Animals
To say that a being deserves moral consideration is to say that there is a moral claim that this being can make on…plato.stanford.edu
How Self-Actualized People Frequently Have Their Needs Met
In psychology, self-actualization is achieved when you’re able to reach your full potential. Being truly…www.verywellmind.com
20 Major Philosophers & Their Big Ideas – TheBestSchools.org
Philosophy is complicated stuff. It’s the search for meaning, for greater understanding, for answers to the questions…thebestschools.org

Chapter 24 Ethics

Ethics: a general introduction
If ethical theories are to be useful in practice, they need to affect the way human beings behave. Some philosophers…www.bbc.co.uk
Ethical Principles from the Bible
We should resist the temptation to construct a pharisaical list of do’s and don’t’s but rather look for biblical…www.cmf.org.uk
Biblical Ethics: An Introduction
Ethics is concerned with the way we ought to conduct our lives. Clearly, then, it is an integral part of biblical…www.esv.org
34 Ethical Issues All Christians Should Know
The purpose of Wayne Grudem’s Christian Ethics: An Introduction to Biblical Moral Reasoning is to help readers apply a…www.crossway.org
Hindu Ethics
Dr. V.K. Maheshwari, K.L.D.A.V(P.G) College, This is the sum of duty: Do naught unto others which would cause you pain…www.vkmaheshwari.com
Ethics in Hinduism
This chapter examines the place of ethics in Hinduism. It shows that though Hinduism has shown a strong inclination to…oxford.universitypressscholarship.com
The Seven Fundamental Teachings of the Bhagavadgita
by Jayaram V The Bhagavadgita is a spiritual discourse delivered by Lord Krishna in the middle of the battlefield.www.hinduwebsite.com
Chapter 8: Ethical Teachings of the Qur’an
Ethical Teachings of the Qur’an by B.A Dar, M.A, Fellow Institute of Islamic Culture, Lahore (Pakistan) Values As it…www.al-islam.org
The Ethical Worldview of the Qur’an | Yaqeen Institute for Islamic Research
Disclaimer: The views, opinions, findings, and conclusions expressed in these papers and articles are strictly those of…yaqeeninstitute.org
Islamic ethics – Wikipedia
Islamic ethics (أخلاق إسلامية), defined as “good character,” historically took shape gradually from the 7th century and…en.wikipedia.org
What are the different classifications of law? – Law Times Journal
A binding custom or practice of a community : a rule of conduct or action prescribed or formally recognized as binding…lawtimesjournal.in
20 Major Philosophers & Their Big Ideas – TheBestSchools.org
Philosophy is complicated stuff. It’s the search for meaning, for greater understanding, for answers to the questions…thebestschools.org
Aristotle’s Ethics
Aristotle wrote two ethical treatises: the Nicomachean Ethics and the Eudemian Ethics. He does not himself use either…plato.stanford.edu
Genetic engineering of animals: Ethical issues, including welfare concerns
The genetic engineering of animals has increased significantly in recent years, and the use of this technology brings…www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Ethical arguments relevant to the use of GM crops – PubMed
The Nuffield Council on Bioethics (NCOB) has published two reports (1999 and 2004) on the social and ethical issues…pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Modern Eugenics: Building a Better Person?
SiS is proud to feature the winners of the “2009 Integrated Graduate Program in the Life Sciences (IGP) Science and…helix.northwestern.edu
Eugenics
Eugenics is the practice or advocacy of improving the human species by selectively mating people with specific…www.history.com
HumanEmbryonicStemCellResearch
www.atsjournals.org
Cloning Fact Sheet
The term cloning describes a number of different processes that can be used to produce genetically identical copies of…www.genome.gov
Cloning – Ethical controversy
Cloning – Cloning – Ethical controversy: Human reproductive cloning remains universally condemned, primarily for the…www.britannica.com
The Ethics of Artificial Organs – Viterbi Conversations in Ethics
Oscar Pistorius made history by becoming the first double amputee to compete in the Olympics, reaching the semifinals…vce.usc.edu
Ethical Concerns of AI
Artificial Intelligence is seen by many as a great transformative tech. Will AI systems one day drive us around? Do our…www.forbes.com
Ethics of Artificial Intelligence and Robotics
Artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics are digital technologies that will have significant impact on the development…plato.stanford.edu
Artificial Intelligence: examples of ethical dilemmas
The use of AI in culture raises interesting ethical reflections. In 2016, a Rembrandt painting, “the Next Rembrandt”…en.unesco.org

https://www.masterclass.com/articles/geoengineering-explained#3-disadvantages-of-geoengineeringPrivacy, Legal and Ethical Issues
Privacy, Legal and Ethical Issues Evidence collection, searching of private premises, obtaining samples for genetic and…www.encyclopedia.com
New Ethical Concerns in Online Privacy and Data Security
The single most important piece of legislation regarding privacy in the past few years is the GDPR. The control…www.infosecurity-magazine.com
What is Globalization? Examples, Definition, Benefits and Effects
Globalization – what is it? What is the definition of globalization? Benefits and negative effects? What are the top…youmatter.world
Ethical Dilemmas of Globalization – Ethical Culture Society of Bergen County NJ
By Dr. Sylvain Ehrenfeld We are in the midst of an unprecedented transformation, even larger than the Industrial…ethicalfocus.org
What are the advantages and disadvantages of globalization? – Parlia
Proponents of globalization say it improves citizens’ lives via the distribution of jobs, capital, and technology…www.parlia.com
Projections of population growth – Wikipedia
Population projections are attempts to show how the human population living today will change in the future. These…en.wikipedia.org
Future Population Growth
All our charts on Future Population Growth Other relevant research: World population growth – This article is focusing…ourworldindata.org
World population growth is expected to nearly stop by 2100
For the first time in modern history, the world’s population is expected to virtually stop growing by the end of this…www.pewresearch.org
Violent Crime Rates By Country 2021
Violent crime is a crime in which an offender or perpetrator uses or threatens to use force upon a victim. Violent…worldpopulationreview.com
dataUNODC |
Global crime data dataunodc.un.org
Homicide rate worldwide 2012, by region/gender | Statista
The statistic above provides information about worldwide homicide rates, sorted by gender and region. In 2012, the…www.statista.com
Why does education reduce crime?
Reduced criminality is a beneficial consequence of education policies that raise the school leaving age. There are two…newsroom.iza.org
(PDF) The Impact of Education on Crime: International Evidence
Discover the world’s research 20+ million members 135+ million publications 700k+ research projects Join for free …www.researchgate.net
Education and Crime – Criminal Justice – IResearchNet
The topic of education and crime can be approached from many different perspectives, so a framework for a basic…criminal-justice.iresearchnet.com
Why education reduces crime
Changes to compulsory school leaving laws that force some people to stay in school longer have been shown to boost…voxeu.org
Deadly appetite: 10 animals we are eating into extinction
f there is a single dish that has come to symbolise humans’ willingness to eat other animals out of existence, it is…www.theguardian.com
6 Animals We Ate Into Extinction
Humans are not always great at self-moderation, especially when things seem both bountiful and tasty. While extinctions…www.britannica.com
Whale conservation – Wikipedia
Whale conservation refers to the conservation of whales. Prior to the setting up of the IWC in 1946, unregulated…en.wikipedia.org

https://www.unep.org/Top 10 Worst Effects of Global Warming – Sustainability-org-il
Global warming is the long-term, cumulative effect that greenhouse gases, primarily carbon dioxide and methane, have on…sites.google.com
Violence against women
The United Nations defines violence against women as “any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to…www.who.int
Corruption
All our charts on Corruption This entry presents available data and empirical evidence on corruption-an important…ourworldindata.org
Corruptionary A-Z
Transparency International is the global civil society organisation leading the fight against corruption.www.transparency.org
The True Cost of Global Corruption – IMF F&D
Finance & Development, September 2019, Vol. 56, No. 3 PDF version Graft results in lost tax revenue, but it also takes…www.imf.org
Good Corporation, Bad Corporation: Corporate Social Responsibility in the Global Economy
When a large corporation decides to enter a foreign market, it must usually secure a number of licenses, permits…milnepublishing.geneseo.edu
25 corruption scandals that shook the world – News
Twenty-five years ago, when Transparency International was founded, corruption was seen as the necessary price of doing…www.transparency.org
The Psychology of Mob Mentality
Along with the world, in shock, I watched videos as the extreme right infiltrated our Capitol on Jan. 6. This day will…www.psychologytoday.com
Mob Psychology
“I am the mob, the crowd, the mass. Do you know that all the great work of the world is done through me?” Carl Sandburg…www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
4 Devastating War Crimes You Didn’t Learn About In History Class
The U.S. Civil War claimed over 620,000 lives and left a bloody stain on America’s history, and yet only one man…allthatsinteresting.com
6 Infamous War Criminals Hunted Down
Hunting Hitler sees an international team of world renowned investigators on the ultimate manhunt in search of the most…www.history.co.uk
When power corrupts: 16 of the biggest political scandals of the last 50 years
The Democratic senator from Colorado “was as close to a lock for the nomination – and likely the presidency – as any…www.pbs.org
11 Major International Political Scandals
On April 6, 2011, Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi is scheduled to stand trial for charges stemming from his…www.cnbc.com
Arguments against capital punishment
Many people believe that retribution is morally flawed and problematic in concept and practice. The main argument that…www.bbc.co.uk
India is now among select group of nations where passive euthanasia is legal
The mercy killing debate began with the Aruna Shanbaug case, the Mumbai nurse spent 42 years in a vegetative state…theprint.in

Chapter 25 Happiness

Can we really ever know if animals are happy?
My tortoise is always glaring at me. Whether I’m feeding him carrots, stroking his shell, or casually watching him from…www.popsci.com
Do animals experience happiness?
People who don’t think that an animal can experience happiness have one major point in their argument’s favor: There’s…science.howstuffworks.com
Echo: An Elephant to Remember ~ Elephant Emotions | Nature | PBS
Elephants, the largest land animals on the planet, are among the most exuberantly expressive of creatures. Joy, anger…www.pbs.org
The search for happiness: Using MRI to find where happiness happens: Narrowing in on the neural…
Exercising, meditating, scouring self-help books… we go out of our way to be happy, but do we really know what…www.sciencedaily.com
Happiness in an MRI
Happiness is a subjective experience; for instance, some people feel happiness more intensely than others when they…healthmanagement.org
What Part of the Brain Controls Emotions? Fear, Happiness, Anger, Love
What part of the brain controls emotions? We’ll break down the origins of basic human emotions, including anger, fear…www.healthline.com
15 Of The Most Evil Men The World Has Ever Seen
The world has seen tragedy in many forms. Wars, genocides, riots, killings, famines and what not. The real evil however…www.scoopwhoop.com
The biomass distribution on Earth
The composition of the biosphere is a fundamental question in biology, yet a global quantitative account of the biomass…www.pnas.org
Gross National Happiness – Wikipedia
Gross National Happiness (abbreviated: GNH), or sometimes called Gross Domestic Happiness ( GDH), is a philosophy that…en.wikipedia.org
What Is Hedonism?
What Is Hedonism? Most modern people, when they hear the words “hedonism,” or “hedonist,” conjure images of…dailyphilosopher.net
What Is Epicureanism?
What Is Epicureanism? “No pleasure is a bad thing in itself, but the things which produce certain pleasures entail…dailyphilosopher.net
Cars Impact On The Environment
The transport sector is one of the largest sources of CO2 emissions and a major source of air pollution. Two new…www.theworldcounts.com
Environmental impact of transport – Wikipedia
The environmental impact of transport is significant because transport is a major user of energy, and burns most of the…en.wikipedia.org
U.S. car manufacturers linked to Amazon destruction, slave labor
Illegal charcoal kilns in the municipality of Tucuruí. Photo by: Marizilda Cruppe/Greenpeace. According to a new report…news.mongabay.com
What’s Driving Deforestation?
Just four commodities-beef, soy, palm oil, and wood products-drive the majority of global deforestation. And consumers…www.ucsusa.org
Environmental Impact of Dams
A 27-year-old hermit in Haridwar, Swami Atmabodhanand, has broken his 194-day fast in protest against sand mining and…www.drishtiias.com
Environmental Impacts of Dams
image_assist|fid:4271,style:left,nid:2207]The environmental consequences of large dams are numerous and varied, and…archive.internationalrivers.org
Five ways mega-dams harm the environment | DW | 25.06.2020
Water is life and since dams block water, that impacts life downstream, both for ecosystems and people. In the case of…www.dw.com
China’s Three Gorges Dam: An Environmental Catastrophe?
SHANGHAI-For over three decades the Chinese government dismissed warnings from scientists and environmentalists that…www.scientificamerican.com
Dams flood 36,000 hectares of Brazilian rainforest
Several years ago, two dams were built across the Madeira River in western Brazil. Now researchers have found that…news.mongabay.com
Study of Controversial Dam Reveals Hidden Dependence on Rainforest
Hydropower dams may be an unlikely new weapon for conservationists trying to save tropical trees. A new study reveals…www.sciencemag.org
Wood volume and woody biomass: review of FRA 2000 estimates
Wood volume and woody biomass levels are important indicators of the forests’ potential to provide wood and to…www.fao.org
Forest microbiome: diversity, complexity and dynamics
Globally, forests represent highly productive ecosystems that act as carbon sinks where soil organic matter is formed…academic.oup.com
Bacterial composition of different types of soils of Georgia
Soil is a dynamic system in which relationship among soil minerals, organic substances and living organisms constantly…www.sciencedirect.com
The production and turnover of extramatrical mycelium of ectomycorrhizal fungi in forest soils…
There is growing evidence of the importance of extramatrical mycelium (EMM) of mycorrhizal fungi in carbon (C) cycling…link.springer.com
We’re Outnumbered
Published on: December 15, 2008 We’re outnumbered. Plain as day. And they’re not going away. The estimated ratio of…ucanr.edu

Techniques to measure happinessMeasuring Happiness: How Can We Measure It?
My university students came to me with a concern. They informed me that another professor had told them that you can’t…www.psychologytoday.com
Measuring happiness and well-being: how can we do it?
Measuring happiness is becoming an important tool. Economic growth, physical health and confidence in the future…www.happiness.com
Subjective Happiness Scale
Mary Chinni The Subjective Happiness Scale is a 4-item measure of overall subjective happiness based on the…link.springer.com
The Happiness Analyzer – Developing a New Technique for Measuring Subjective Well-Being
In 2013 the OECD published a guideline for measuring subjective well-being in greater detail to collect data in the…link.springer.com
How To Measure Happiness [A Simple Yet Powerful Method]
Despite what mathematicians, scientists or statisticians tell you, it’s actually very simple to measure your happiness…www.trackinghappiness.com
What is Self-Actualization? A Psychologist’s Definition [+Examples]
The concept of self-actualization was brought into the mainstream by Abraham Maslow when he introduced his “hierarchy…positivepsychology.com
Self-actualization | psychology
Self-actualization, in psychology, a concept regarding the process by which an individual reaches his or her full…www.britannica.com
Self-Actualization: What It Is and How to Achieve It
Self-actualization can mean a lot of things depending who you ask. One of the most broadly accepted definitions comes…www.healthline.com
Self-Actualization | Simply Psychology
By Ayesh Perera, published September 04, 2020 Take-home Messages Self-actualization is the complete realization of…www.simplypsychology.org

Part III The Life Instinct and The Future

Chapter 26 Imperfections of the Life Instinct

Why Humans Choke Frequently | Be Smart, Don’t Choke
Because your larynx (voicebox) descended in your neck after your first birthday, you are a member of one of the only…dontchoke.ubc.ca
How Nerves, Muscles, and Parts of Your Brain Coordinate Swallowing
Although it may seem like a pretty simple function, swallowing is one of the most complicated tasks that your body…www.verywellhealth.com
Causes
There is no one single cause for cancer. Learn about the various possible causes, including risk factors and how genes…stanfordhealthcare.org
Cancer Statistics
Cancer has a major impact on society in the United States and across the world. Cancer statistics describe what happens…www.cancer.gov
Why Do So Many People Get Cancer?
Cancer is a disease that has been around since ancient times. But it seems that more and more people are getting it…letstalkscience.ca
The Psychology of Forgetting and Why Memory Fails
Forgetting is an all too common part of daily life. Sometimes these memory slips are simple and fairly innocuous, such…www.verywellmind.com
Why Do We Forget Things? It May Make The Mind More Efficient
In the quest to fend off forgetfulness, some people build a palace of memory. It’s a method for memorizing invented in…www.discovermagazine.com
The Psychology of Forgetting and Why Memory Fails
Forgetting is an all too common part of daily life. Sometimes these memory slips are simple and fairly innocuous, such…www.verywellmind.com
What Is Difference Between Degree Murders? | Help And FAQs
Murder is a serious crime and the law is designed to provide justice to the families of the victims, taking into…helpto.pro
The Degrees of Murder | Weisberg Law
Few offenses in the Criminal Code garner as much attention as murder. There is often confusion between what…www.weisberg.ca
10 of the Biggest Lies in History
According to myth, a young George Washington confessed to cutting down a cherry tree by proclaiming, “I cannot tell a…history.howstuffworks.com
11 Of The Most Notorious & Successful Liars Throughout History
“A world without lies would be a terrible world, A world without lies would be a world without fiction,” remarked Ricky…www.indiatimes.com
11 of the Biggest Lies That Made History
Hold on to your pants, because we’re debunking some of the biggest lies ever told. These cover-ups and cons lost people…www.rd.com
What’s Good about Lying?
Do you teach children to lie? I do. All the time. And you do, too! If you’re like most American parents, you point to…greatergood.berkeley.edu
Has Global Violence Declined? A Look at the Data
We may be living in the most peaceful time in human history, depending on how you measure: Reality Project Episode 2.towardsdatascience.com
War – Wikipedia
War is an intense armed conflict between states, governments, societies, or paramilitary groups such as mercenaries…en.wikipedia.org
Types of Sexual Violence
There are many types of sexual violence, including rape, child sexual abuse, and intimate partner sexual violence-and…www.rainn.org
Types of Sexual Assault
There are many different types of sexual assault. Below is a list of the various acts that are considered sexual…www.marshall.edu
Love, Sex and the Changing Landscape of Infidelity (Published 2008)
Well If you cheated on your spouse, would you admit it to a researcher? That question is one of the biggest challenges…www.nytimes.com
Infidelity Statistics (2021) – Do Men Or Women Cheat More?
Relationships are sometimes complicated. Finding out that he’s cheating sucks big time. I know it doesn’t make too much…hernorm.com
The top 10 causes of death
The top global causes of death, in order of total number of lives lost, are associated with three broad topics…www.who.int
The biggest killer diseases in history
The current Ebola outbreak has put the disease firmly in the global spotlight as cases exceed 10,000, with more than…businesstech.co.za
Evidence for recent, population-specific evolution of the human mutation rate
Most, but not all, human genetic variation is shared between populations, and whole-genome sequencing is now making it…www.pnas.org
Human evolution is still happening – possibly faster than ever
Modern medicine’s ability to keep us alive makes it tempting to think human evolution may have stopped. Better…phys.org
Humans are still evolving: 3 examples of recent adaptations
Evolution is an ongoing process, although many don’t realize people are still evolving. It’s true that Homo sapiens…www.inverse.com
The Human Brain Has been Getting Smaller Since the Stone Age
I don’t mean to alarm you, but the average human brain size is shrinking. And we can’t blame reality T.V. or Twitter…www.discovermagazine.com
Schizophrenia: A byproduct of the brain’s complex evolution?
New genetic evidence, published in the journal Schizophrenia, suggests that the condition is an “unwanted side effect”…www.medicalnewstoday.com

Chapter 27 Future Evolution

History of life – Wikipedia
The history of life on Earth traces the processes by which living and fossil organisms evolved, from the earliest…en.wikipedia.org
Timeline of human evolution – Wikipedia
The timeline of human evolution outlines the major events in the evolutionary lineage of the modern human species, Homo…en.wikipedia.org
Evolution of mammals – Wikipedia
The evolution of mammals has passed through many stages since the first appearance of their synapsid ancestors in the…en.wikipedia.org
Evolution of primates — Wikipedia
The evolutionary history of the primates can be traced back 57–85/90 million years. One of the oldest known…en.wikipedia.org
Origin of the Genus Homo – Evolution: Education and Outreach
The origin of the genus Homo in Africa signals the beginning of the shift from increasingly bipedal apes to primitive…evolution-outreach.biomedcentral.com
Homo – Wikipedia
Homo Homo ergaster /erectus skull Scientific classification Genus: Homo Linnaeus, 1758 Type species Homo sapiens…en.wikipedia.org
Future of Earth – Wikipedia
The biological and geological future of Earth can be extrapolated based upon the estimated effects of several long-term…en.wikipedia.org
Ultimate fate of the universe – Wikipedia
The ultimate fate of the universe is a topic in physical cosmology, whose theoretical restrictions allow possible…en.wikipedia.org
Big Crunch – Wikipedia
The Big Crunch is a hypothetical scenario for the ultimate fate of the universe, in which the expansion of the universe…en.wikipedia.org
Future of an expanding universe – Wikipedia
Most observations suggest that the expansion of the universe will continue forever. If so, then a popular theory is…en.wikipedia.org
The Current Mass Extinction
Is the biosphere today on the verge of anything like the mass extinctions of the geological past? Could some equivalent…www.pbs.org
How long do most species last before going extinct?
(Image credit: Shutterstock) The majestic blue whale has plied the seas for about 4.5 million years , while the…www.livescience.com
Strange evolution: The weird future of life on Earth
In the early 1980s, the author Dougal Dixon published a cult book called After Man: A Zoology of the Future, which…www.bbc.com
Genus – Definition and Examples – Biology Online Dictionary
Genus – definition A genus is a taxonomic category ranking used in biological classification that is below family and…www.biologyonline.com
Catalogue of Life – 2018 Annual Checklist : 2018 Annual Checklist
This release of the Catalogue of Life contains contributions from 168 taxonomic databases with information on 1,744,204…www.catalogueoflife.org
Encyclopedia of Life
Edit descriptioneol.org
Species count put at 8.7 million
The natural world contains about 8.7 million species, according to a new estimate described by scientists as the most…www.bbc.com
Extinctions
How many species have gone extinct? Extinctions have been a natural part of the planet’s evolutionary history. 99% of…ourworldindata.org
Homo | Species & Facts
Homo, genus of the family Hominidae (order Primates) characterized by a relatively large cranial capacity, limb…www.britannica.com
In Year 1 Million, What Will Humanity Look Like?
(Image credit: National Geographic) In the year 1 million, Earth’s continents will look roughly the same as they do now…www.livescience.com
Mutation rate – Wikipedia
In genetics, the mutation rate is the frequency of new mutations in a single gene or organism over time. Mutation rates…en.wikipedia.org
Blog: True Size of a Human Genome | Veritas Genetics
“The universe is true for us all and dissimilar to each of us.” ― Marcel Proust, a la recherche du temps perdu (In…www.veritasgenetics.com
When is the next ice age due?
Ice Age is one of the most famous animated film series that deals with the life and struggles of animals that had been…geographyandyou.com
Habitability of natural satellites – Wikipedia
The habitability of natural satellites is a measure of the potential of natural satellites to have environments…en.wikipedia.org
We’ve located the part of the brain which understands social interactions
The ability to quickly detect and recognise the purpose of a social interaction is as indispensable today as it would…theconversation.com
Social Brain
The social brain has amazing abilities, from a “fast path” for recognizing faces to special circuits for recognizing…www.sciencedirect.com
Climate Effects on Human Evolution
This article explores the hypothesis that key human adaptations evolved in response to environmental instability. This…humanorigins.si.edu
What will we look like in the future?
Although we have smaller jaws than in the past, and less room for all 32 adult teeth, it is probable that no…australian.museum
How People Will Look In a Few Million Years
Like all living beings on Earth, we continue to evolve. If you don’t believe us, remember the story of wisdom teeth…brightside.me

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_far_futureImpact event – Wikipedia
An impact event is a collision between astronomical objects causing measurable effects. Impact events have physical…en.wikipedia.org

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Chapter 28 How to Live

Self-Actualization: What It Is and How to Achieve It
Self-actualization can mean a lot of things depending who you ask. One of the most broadly accepted definitions comes…www.healthline.com
How to Achieve Self Actualization
Download Article Download Article Self-actualization is a concept coined by American psychologist Abraham Maslow. It…www.wikihow.com

Chapter 29 The Simplest Philosophy

Chapter 30 Epilogue


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